"It is a place that cherishes its past as it looks to the future."

Brief History of Singapore

The earliest known mention of Singapore was a 3rd century Chinese account which described Singapore as "Pu-luo-chung" ("island at the end of a peninsula"). Little is known about the island's history at this time but this matter-of-fact description belies Singapore's colourful past. By the 14th century, Singapore had become part of the mighty Sri Vijayan empire and was known as Temasek ("Sea Town").

This was no less accurate than the 3rd century name. Located at the natural meeting point of sea routes at the tip of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore had long known visits from a wide variety of sea craft, from Chinese junks, Indian vessels, Arab dhows and Portuguese battleships to Buginese schooners.

During the 14th century, this small but strategically-placed island had earned a new name - "Singa Pura", or "Lion City". According to legend, a visiting Sri Vijayan prince saw an animal he mistook for a lion and Singapore's modern day name was born. The British provided the next notable chapter in the Singapore story. During the 18th century, they saw the need for a strategic "halfway house" to refit, feed and protect the fleet of their growing empire, as well as to forestall any advances by the Dutch in the region. It was against this political backdrop that Sir Stamford Raffles established Singapore as a trading station. The policy of free trade attracted merchants from all over Asia and from as far afield as the United States and the Middle East. By 1824, just five years after the founding of modern Singapore, the population had grown from a mere 150 to 10,000.

In 1832, Singapore became the centre of government for the Straits Settlements of Penang, Malacca and Singapore. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the advent of telegraph and steamship increased Singapore's importance as a centre for the expanding trade between East and West.

Singapore had been the site of military action in the 14th century when it became embroiled in the struggle for the Malay Peninsula between Siam (now Thailand), and the Java-based Majapahit Empire.

Five centuries later, it was again the scene of significant fighting during World War II. Singapore was considered an impregnable fortress, but the Japanese overran the island in 1942. After the war, Singapore became a Crown Colony. The growth of nationalism led to self-government in 1959 and on 9 August 1965, Singapore became an independent republic.

singapore hotels orchard road, traders hotel singapore, traders singapore, orchard parade singapore, furama riverfront singapore, york hotel singapore, miramar hotel singapore, singapore airport hotel, golden landmark singapore, orchard hotel singapore, elizabeth hotel singapore, furama city centre singapore, singapore accommodation, singapore hotel, ywca singapore, ywca fort canning lodge singapore, cheap hotels in singapore, orchard road singapore, peninsula excelsior hotel singapore, hotels in singapore, singapore news, oxford hotel singapore, singapore cheap hotels, singapore hotel deals, fort canning lodge singapore, singapore cheap hotel, furama hotel singapore, sentosa resort singapore, singapore airport hotels, courts singapore, singapore accommodation deals, chinatown singapore, hotel in singapore, holiday in singapore, sentosa singapore, singapore hotels, hotels near singapore airport, singapore packages, holidays to singapore, sentosa island singapore, send flowers singapore, singapore hotel booking, fortuna hotel singapore, budget hotels in singapore, beach hotel singapore, singapore holiday, cheap hotel in singapore, park hotel singapore, budget hotel in singapore, peninsula singapore, quality hotel singapore, singapore vacation packages, hotel royal singapore, budget hotels singapore, fullerton hotel singapore, hotel 81 singapore, asia travel singapore, best hotels in singapore, accommodation in singapore, cheap flights singapore, little india singapore, cheap accommodation singapore, budget hotel singapore, victoria hotel singapore, singapore air, australian embassy singapore, cruises from singapore, cheap flights to singapore, list of hotels in singapore, boutique hotels singapore, singapore holiday packages, singapore deals, flights to singapore, cheap airfares to singapore, somerset orchard singapore, singapore hotels promotion, cheap airfares singapore, singapore city, fragrance hotel singapore, singapore resorts, singapore hotel promotion, serviced apartments singapore, singapore travel, singapore holidays, singapore cruises, service apartments singapore, singapore hostels, marina bay singapore, job vacancies in singapore, flight to singapore, bali packages from singapore, singapore, supreme hotel singapore, service apartments in singapore, holidays in singapore, jobs in singapore, resorts in singapore, work in singapore, serviced apartment singapore, mustafa singapore